Diabetes is a serious disease that has an effect over the ability of the body to produce and respond to insulin properly, resulting in high blood sugar.
The first symptoms that occur are very subtle that some people don’t even notice them or don’t pay any attention to them.
If left untreated, diabetes can decrease the quality of life for a person, and also reduce life expectancy, which is why it is very important to notice the development of the disease on time.We’ve compiled a list of the symptoms that can happen at the beginning of this disease.
Increased Thirst and Urination
Frequent urination (polyuria) and increased thirst (polydipsia) are the first and most common symptoms of diabetes. When you have diabetes, your kidneys are not able to absorb all of the excess sugar in your body.
The sugar instead ends up in your urine, pulling more fluids from your tissues. This makes you want to urinate more often and leaves you feeling dehydrated.
To satisfy your thirst, you start to drink more fluids, only leading to more urination. The average person urinates 6-7 times per day. Anywhere between 4 and 10 times per day is also considered normal of the person is healthy.
Excessive hunter (polyphagia) along with the increased thirst and urination, make up the 3 major signs of development of diabetes. If your body can’t produce enough, or any at all, insulin on its own, or if it isn’t responding normally to it, your body can’t properly convert the food into glucose that your cells use for energy.
That causes increased hunger after you’ve already eaten. In fact, eating more only makes the blood sugar in your blood stream even higher.
If you keep eating and your hunger stays, you should consult your doctor, even if you don’t have any other symptoms of diabetes.
Another sign of diabetes is constant fatigue. When you have diabetes, you feel sleepy and tired most, if not all, of the time for the same reason you feel hungry.
Your cells do not have enough glucose in them to give energy to your body. Dehydration cause by frequent urination also contributes to feeling exhausted.
Fatigue can also be a symptom of many other diseases, some not even medical. But, once combined with the other symptom from this list, it is a sure sign that you have diabetes.
When blurred vision isn’t a sign of a serious eye problem, it can be considered an early symptoms of diabetes. It can happen due to shifting of fluids in the body, which makes the lens of your eyes swell and change their shape.
This can affect the ability to focus, and things might start being fuzzy and blurry.
These changes in the eyes are mostly reversible, and your sight can go back to normal as your blood sugar stabilizes with proper treatment. But, if you leave diabetes untreated, than these symptoms can progress and lead to blindness.
Unexplained Weight Loss
Unexplained weight loss can mean that you are losing a lot of weight without any diets or exercise. Since your body can’t produce glucose on its own as a source of energy, it starts to burn the fat and muscle from your body in order to make energy.
Dehydration also contributes to sudden and unexplained weight loss since your body can’t use all the available fluids to produce urine.Unexplained weight loss is a common sign of an early stage of type 1 diabetes, but it can also affect the people suffering from type 2 diabetes.
When excess sugar is excreted through the urine, it pulls fluids with it from your tissues, including your skin, as the largest organ in your body. Dry skin can make you itchy, and scratching those dry patches on your skin can lead to your skin being broken down and even infected.
It can also lead to yeast infections, which are common in people with diabetes.
Cuts and wounds heal very slowly if you have diabetes. High blood sugar not only increases any inflammation, but also leads to poor blood circulation, making it hard for blood to reach and repair the damages area.
This is especially true for your feet, and people with diabetes can regularly develop foot sores, possibly leading to more serious problems.
Dark Patches Of Skin
Acanthosis nigricans is a skin condition that can occur as dark patches of skin with a velvety texture. These patches can usually appear in places where the skin folds, such as the neck, armpits, inside the elbows, behind the knees, in the groin and on the knuckles of your fingers.
While this condition can affect anyone, it is far more common in people with diabetes.
Numb Or Tingling Feet And Hands
Numbness, tingling or pain in the feet and hands is another common sign of diabetes. High blood sugar, as mentioned before, leads to poor blood circulation in the body, leading to nerve damage.
The hands and feet, being the further points from the heart are the first to suffer.As with all the points on this list and others, keep your blood sugar in check in order to improve your blood circulation.
Diabetes is a chronic disease that can bring many more serious complications if left untreated. The sooner it is diagnosed, the easier it will be to manage it.
If you notice any of the symptoms on this list, please go and consult your doctor immediately.