Eczema is a form of dermatitis characterized by chronically inflamed skin and itching. The affected area, as a rule, it becomes dry, peeling skin, and sometimes creates bubbles to.
When eczema occurs in people with fair skin, the affected parts normally receive brown-gray color; in people with dark skin that usually changes the natural pigmentation, making the affected area lighter or darker. Eczema usually appears on the face, wrists and knees, but it is not limited to those places.
Since eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis is diagnosed between 3 and 7 percent of the population, and in 70% of patients it is a hereditary disease. Eczema is most common in young children, and most of them recover before the age of two years.
If is permanent, the child probably will chronically suffers from it and may develop clearly expressed thickened skin in the places where it occurs most often.
Eczema is often associated with asthma, so those children with this disorder may be in greater danger of skin complaints. Since eczema can partly be internal reaction to any form of external stress, initial treatment focuses on alleviating and addressing the possible cause.
Many cases of eczema are associated with allergies. In sensitive people the appearance of eczema may be due to eating a certain food type; cow’s milk, eggs, wheat and nuts and inhalation of irritant substances carried by air particles such as dust or pollen.
Eczema is also a consequence of contact with irritant substances in ordinary materials such as wool and synthetic fabrics, latex rubbers, some detergents, products based on chlorine, minerals of nickel in jewelry and formaldehyde which is located in the textiles not need to be ironed, color shoes, carpets, insulation and lather the panels.
Medical science does not know the exact cause of eczema. The defect of skin that breaks its own barrier function along with impaired function of the immune system is believed to be important factors for eczema.
Research has shown that people with atopic dermatitis are gene defects that lead to abnormalities in certain proteins (such as Filaggrin -filaggrin), which are important for maintenance of barrier function of normal skin.
Some forms of eczema can be caused by substances that come into contact with the skin such as soaps, cosmetics, clothing, detergents, jewelry, or sweat. Environment and numerous allergens (substances that cause allergic reactions) may also give rise to eczema. Changes in temperature or humidity, or even psychological stress can lead to eczema in some people.
Eczema is contained in inborn immune system. Even when mother have eczema it can past to the baby. Probiotics and good bacteria can lower the danger and prevent his appearance.
Eczema can be caused by the stress to. Stress hormones can increase the inflammation which is characteristic of eczema.
How is it diagnosed eczema?
To diagnose eczema, doctors primarily rely on a thorough physical examination of the skin as well as the statement of the patient’s history. The doctor will ask especially when it appeared, it is associated with any changes in the environment or contact with certain materials and if the situation has worsened in specific situations.
Eczema may have similar appearance and other skin diseases, including infections and reactions to certain drugs, and the diagnosis is not always simple. In some cases, a biopsy of the skin is taken to exclude other skin diseases that can produce signs and symptoms of eczema.
If the doctor suspects that the patient has allergic contact dermatitis, allergic tests can identify symptoms.
In principle there is no blood or laboratory tests that can be used to accurately determine the diagnosis of eczema.
Healing at home
The goal of treatment of eczema is to prevent itching, inflammation and deterioration. Treatment of eczema can mean lifestyle changes and the use of drugs.
Treatment always depends on the patient’s age, overall health, the type and severity of the condition.Maintenance of skin hydration by the application of creams or ointments (low humidity and a high content of oil), is an important step in treatment.
They recommended short five-minute tepid baths, and then applying them beneficial and soothing creams to preserve moisture while the body is still wet. Lifestyle can be modified to avoid all causes of eczema.
-To reduce itching and help the skin to retain moisture in simple forms of eczema, try a hot bath, after which it will apply ointment for surface use. Use simple medical medicinal ointments such as petrolatum or cooking vegetable fat or fat made with zinc oxide, chamomile, preservatives, oils or perfumes.
-Calm down. To reduce stress and improve the blood movement, try to walk fast or regular exercise. Home Make a warm bath with a few drops of essential oil of lavender.
-Avoid food which contains allergens. Eat daily additional quantities of fish oil, vitamin A and zinc.
Natural remedies for eczema:
- Essential fatty acids
Protect dry and cracked skin inflammation. The recommended daily dose, for example in the form of flaxseed oil was 2 tbsp.
- Chia seeds or pumpkin seeds
Chia seeds and pumpkin seeds are rich in zinc, which is essential for improving skin metabolism.
Regular consumption of kefir, sauerkraut and yogurt, rich in probiotics, affect the healthy intestinal flora and improves the immune system, which reduces the occurrence of eczema.
- Foods rich in fiber
Every day eat at least 30 grams of dietary fiber from vegetables, fruit, nuts, seeds, sprouts and grain legumes.
- Vitamin A
Increase intake of vitamin A orange and yellow vegetables, because it is necessary for the skin.
- Essential oil of lavender
A few drops of lavender oil mix with coconut oil. The mixture has a soothing effect on skin eczema.
- Vitamin E
Vitamin E contributes to the healing of skin wounds and for better utilization of fatty acids.